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4 Basic Tips On How To Reference A Research Paper Correctly

If you’re using other academic works to write your own research paper, it’s likely that you’re going to reference them in your text. Some students don’t know how to do this, so they make a lot of mistakes. If you want to place and format your references correctly, you should read and follow the tips below.

  1. Use different types of quotations.
  2. There are many ways to reference a paper. You may use dropped quotes. These are short phrases taken from the original text. Such quotes cannot form complete sentences and should be introduced within sentences. Using full sentence quotes is also a good idea. Such references are created by quoting complete sentences from the original text. You should introduce such a sentence with a signal phrase. You may also use block quotes. These are multiple sentences taken from the original text. They should be used no more than 1-2 times in a research paper. Using indirect quotes when you paraphrase the sentences from the original text is also acceptable.

  3. Format your quotations properly.
  4. Commas and periods should be placed outside the quotations marks. Exclamation points and question marks that are inside the quote should be kept inside the quotation marks. Use ellipses when your quotation doesn’t include the entire sentence from the original text, but only its part. Use brackets to include additional words into the quotation to make it more understandable for the reader. Colons and semicolons after quotes should be placed outside of the quotation marks. Copy quotes exactly, even if they contain grammar or spelling mistakes.

  5. Know how to quote in different styles.
  6. To cite in the MLA style, you should include the name of the author and the page number of the original paper. To cite in the APA style, you should make an in-text parenthetical citation with the last name of the author and the year of publication. To cite in Chicago style, you should use footnotes at the bottom of the page.

  7. Quote wisely.
  8. Don’t use too many research paper references in your own text. Quotations should serve only as support to your own words. Don’t follow your quotations by summarizing or paraphrasing them. Use quotations when you need to explain narrow terms or specific phrases. Support your arguments by quotations using them as evidence. Make sure that the reader understands that you’re making a quotation and not expressing your own words. Include all your sources into a “Works Cited” page of your paper.